Abortion in India: A Timeline


A look back at how and why the abortion law came into existence, what it entails and where it stands today

1971
1994
2003
2011

1971

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act was passed in the Parliament, legalising termination of pregnancy under  a broad range of conditions by registered medical practitioners.

1994

Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act was passed to stop female foeticides, arrest the declining sex ratio in India, and ban prenatal sex determination.

2003

MTP Act is amended to enable women’s accessibility to safe and legal abortion services.

2011

Census reveals decline in the child sex ratio to 914 females against 1,000 males.

About PRATIGYA

Our mission: Pratigya is a network of individuals and organisations working towards protecting and advancing women’s rights and their access to safe abortion care in India, working with governments, organisations and media at the national and state levels.

The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act was passed in 1971 and amended in 2003 to enable women’s accessibility to safe and legal abortion services. However, women in India continue to face several social, cultural, institutional and operational challenges in accessing safe abortion care.

This is also due to the ambiguous implementation of the MTP Act and Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, that banned prenatal sex determination. A favourable decline in child sex ratio in Census 2011 further led to an over-zealous enforcement of the PCPNDT Act.

What We Do

Secretariat & Campaign Advisory Group


Our team that steers the organisation

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Partners


Our partners are working along with us to guarantee women’s right to safe abortion